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USE OF FORIEGN LANGUAGE (JAPANESE)

American Butokukan is an eclectic system of martial arts that has its origins in several different arts. In our training we combine the hard linear techniques of Japanese karate with the circular techniques of aikido. These are both Japanese arts, and therefore we use the Japanese language in our practice. Although this may be confusing to beginners, it is the best way to deal with the terminology as there are not always convenient or appropriate English translations. The use of foreign language also adds to tradition and is a respectful gesture to those countries from which the martial arts originated.

Here are a few examples to help clarify terminology to new students. This list is not necessarily meant for use as a pronunciation guide, but for any students with some prior knowledge of Japanese, this list is consistent with the Hebon-Shiki system of Japanese to English transliteration. Note: use of a macron ( ˆ ) over a vowel indicates an elongated vowel, pronounced for twice as long as an ordinary vowel.

English

training hall
instructor
bow
sparring
degree
grade
black belt
1st degree black belt
2nd degree black belt
shout
open-closed (stance)
open-open (stance)
empty hand
uniform
move behind
move in front
breath
breathe
Headmaster (Mr. Jones)
face the headmaster, bow
face the front, bow
face the instructor, bow
to all assembled, bow
front stance
back stance
horse stance
cat stance
crane stance
x stance
high (above shoulders)
middle (torso)
low (below waist)
front
side
round
back
kick
punch
block (lit. 'recieve')
start
stop
ready
turn around
jump
inward
outward
knifehand
spearhand
elbow

one
two
three
four
five
six
seven
eight
nine
ten

hand
one of a pair
one hand
grab
one hand grab (same side)
shoulder
shoulder grab
cross (lit. 'reverse') one hand grab
rear one hand grab
with both hands
grab with both hands

 

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Japanese

dôjô
sensei
rei
kumite
dan
kyû
yûdansha
shodan
nidan
kiai
gyaku-hanmi
ai-hanmi
karate
gi
ura
omote
kokyû
kokyû-shiro
kanchô
kanchô-ni, rei
shomen-ni, rei
sensei-ni, rei
otagai-ni, rei
zenkutsu-dachi
kôkutsu-dachi
kiba-dachi
nekoashi-dachi
tsuru-dachi
jûji-dachi
jôdan
chûdan
gedan
mae
yoko
mawashi
ushiro
geri
tsuki
uke
hajime
yame
yoi
mawatte
tobi
uchi
soto
shutô
shihon nukite
enpi

ichi
ni
san
shi
go
roku
shichi
hachi
kyû

te
kata
katate
tori
katate-tori
kata
kata-tori
gyaku katate-tori
ushiro katate-tori
morote
morote-tori

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